Saturday, February 22, 2014

Save The Fish & Save Ourselves - Just Don't Buy Roundup Herbicides

 
 
 
Independent peer reviewed studies have found that GLYPHOSATE based herbicides adversely impact 15 species of fish. This leads us to ask: What about the species they didn't test.... as well as us homo sapiens? Hold onto those goldfish in you...r backyard pond. Scotts' Roundup Ready grass could be coming to a neighbor's yard near you...

For your reading pleasure, here are links to the science that backs this up:

Fish impacted by glyphosate based herbicides at environmentally relevant levels.

1. European eel (Anguilla anguilla)
Guilherme S, Gaivão I, Santos MA, Pacheco M. (2010) European eel (Anguilla anguilla) genotoxic and pro-oxidant responses following short-term exposure to Roundup--a glyphosate-based herbicide. Mutagenesis. Sep;25(5):523-30 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20643706

Guilherme S, Santos MA, Barroso C, Gaivão I, Pacheco M. (2012) Differential genotoxicity of Roundup(®) formulation and its constituents in blood cells of fish (Anguilla anguilla): considerations on chemical interactions and DNA damaging mechanisms. Ecotoxicology. Jul;21(5):1381-90. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22526921

Guilherme S, Gaivão I, Santos MA, Pacheco M. (2012) DNA damage in fish (Anguilla anguilla) exposed to a glyphosate-based herbicide -- elucidation of organ-specificity and the role of oxidative stress. Mutat Res. Mar 18;743(1-2):1-9 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22266476

2. Goldfish (Carassius auratus)
Tolga Çavaş and Serpil Könen (2007) Detection of cytogenetic and DNA damage in peripheral erythrocytes of goldfish (Carassius auratus) exposed to a glyphosate formulation using the micronucleus test and the comet assay. Mutagenesis 22(4):263- 268.
http://mutage.oxfordjournals.org/content/22/4/263.full

Jin Y. Fan, Jin J. Geng, Hong Q. Ren, Xiao R. Wang, Chao Han. (2013) Herbicide Roundup® and its main constituents cause oxidative stress and inhibit acetylcholinesterase in liver of Carassius auratus. Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part B 48:10, 844-850 http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/03601234.2013.795841#.Un2fYkko7IU

3. Channa punctatus
T Senapati, AK Mukerjee and AR Ghosh. (2009) Observations on the effect of glyphosate based herbicide on ultra structure (SEM) and enzymatic activity in different regions of alimentary canal and gill of Channa punctatus (Bloch). Journal of Crop and Weed 5(1): 236-245 http://www.cabdirect.org/abstracts/20093248244.html

4. Ten-Spotted Livebearer (Cnesterodon Decemmaculatus)
Menendez-Helman, R. J., G.V. Ferreyroa, M. dos Santos Afonso, and A. Salibian. (2012) Glyphosate as an Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitor in Cnesterodon Decemmaculatus. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 88, no. 1 Jan: 6-9. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22002176

5. Peppered Catfish (Corydoras paleatus)
Nédia de Castilhos Ghisi, Marta Margarete Cestari (2013) Genotoxic effects of the herbicide Roundup® in the fish Corydoras paleatus (Jenyns 1842) after short-term, environmentally low concentration exposure Environmental Monitoring and Assessment April 2013, Volume 185, Issue 4, pp 3201-3207
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10661-012-2783-x

de Castilhos Ghisi N, Cestari MM. (2013) Genotoxic effects of the herbicide Roundup(®) in the fish Corydoras paleatus (Jenyns 1842) after short-term, environmentally low concentration exposure. Environ Monit Assess. Apr;185(4):3201-7. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22821326

6. Carp (Cyprinus Carpio)
Cattaneo, R., B. Clasen, V.L. Loro, C. C. de Menezes, A. Pretto, B. Baldisserotto, A. L. Santi, and L. A. de Avila. (2011) Toxicological Responses of Cyprinus Carpio Exposed to a Commercial Formulation Containing Glyphosate. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 87, no. 6 (Dec): 597-602.
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00128-011-0396-7

Sopinska A,Grochala A,Niezgoda J. Influence of water polluted with herbicide Roundup on the organism of fish. Med. Weter. 2000;56:593-597. http://cabdirect.org/abstracts/20002221384.html;jsessionid=1667168C37417FB93B4604AA0AD320E3

Szarek J, Siwicki A, Andrzejewska A, Terech-Majewska E, Banaszkiewicz T. (2000) Effects of the herbicide Roundup on the ultrastructural pattern of hepatocytes in carp (Cyprinus carpio). Mar Environ Res. Jul-Dec;50(1-5):263-6.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11460701

7. Onesided livebearer (Jenynsia Multidentata)
Hued, Andrea, Sabrina Oberhofer, and María de los Ángeles Bistoni. (2012) Exposure to a Commercial Glyphosate Formulation (Roundup) Alters Normal Gill and Liver Histology and Affects Male Sexual Activity of Jenynsia Multidentata (Anablepidae, Cyprinodontiformes)." Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 62, no. 1 : 107-17. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21643816

8. Piauçu (Leporinus macrocephalus)
Albinati ACL, Moreira ELT, Albinati RCB, J.V. Carvalho, A.D. de Lira, G.B. Santos, L.V.O. Vidal (2009) Biomarcadores histológicos – toxicidade crônica pelo Roundup em piauçu (Leporinus macrocephalus). Arq Bras Med Vet Zootec. 61(3):621–627.
http://www.scielo.br/pdf/abmvz/v61n3/15.pdf

9. Piava (Leporinus Obtusidens)
Salbego, J., A. Pretto, C. R. Gioda, C. C. de Menezes, R. Lazzari, J. Radunz Neto, B. Baldisserotto, and V. L. Loro. (2010) Herbicide Formulation with Glyphosate Affects Growth, Acetylcholinesterase Activity, and Metabolic and Hematological Parameters in Piava (Leporinus Obtusidens). Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 58, no. 3 Apr: 740-5. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20112104

10. Coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch)
Tierney, K. B., P. S. Ross, H. E. Jarrard, K. R. Delaney, and C. J. Kennedy. (2006 Changes in Juvenile Coho Salmon Electro-Olfactogram During and after Short-Term Exposure to Current-Use Pesticides. Environ Toxicol Chem 25, no. 10 Oct: 2809-17.
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1897/05-629R1.1/abstract

11. Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis Niloticus)
Ayoola, S. O. (2008)Toxicity of Glyphosate Herbicide on Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis Niloticus) Juvenile. African Journal of Agricultural Research 3, no. 12 : 825-34.
http://xa.yimg.com/kq/groups/8661722/2072248119/name/Toxicity+of+glyphosate+herbicide+on+Nile+tilapia+(Oreochromis+niloticus)+juvenile+December,+2008.pdf.

Jiraungkoorskul, W., E. S. Upatham, M. Kruatrachue, S. Sahaphong, S. Vichasri-Grams, and P. Pokethitiyook. (2003) Biochemical and Histopathological Effects of Glyphosate Herbicide on Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis Niloticus). Environmental Toxicology 18, no. 4 Aug : 260-67. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/tox.10123/abstract

Jiraungkoorskul, Wannee , E Suchart Upatham, Maleeya Kruatrachue, Somphong Sahaphong, Suksiri Vichasri-Grams, and Prayad Pokethitiyook. (2002) Histopathological Effects of Roundup, a Glyphosate Herbicide, on Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis Niloticus). ScienceAsia 28 : 121-27 http://scienceasia.org/2002.28.n2/v28_121_127.pdf

12. Piaractus mesopotamicus
Shiogiri NS, Paulino MG, Carraschi SP, Baraldi FG, da Cruz C, Fernandes MN. (2012) Acute exposure of a glyphosate-based herbicide affects the gills and liver of the Neotropical fish, Piaractus mesopotamicus Environ Toxicol Pharmacol. Sep;34(2):388-96. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22743578

13. Guppies (Poecilia vivipara)
Harayashiki, C.A.Y, Junior, A.S.V, Anderson Abel de Souza Machado, Liziara da Costa Cabrera, Ednei Gilberto Primel (2013) Toxic effects of the herbicide Roundup in the guppy Poecilia vivipara acclimated to fresh water Aquatic Toxicology Volume 142-143, 15 October, Pages 176-184 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0166445X13002130

14. Chupabarro (Prochilodus lineatus)

Cavalcante, D.G.S.M.; Martinez, C.B.R. & Sofia, S.H. (2008). Genotoxic effects of Roundup ® on the fish Prochilodus lineatus. Mutation Research, 655, 41-46.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18638566

Langiano, V.C. & Martinez, C.B.R. (2008). Toxicity and effects of a glyphosate-basedherbicide on the neotropical fish Prochilodus lineatus. Comparative Biochemistry andPhysiology Part C Toxicology & Pharmacology, 147, 222-231. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17933590*

Modesto KA, Martinez CB. (2010) Roundup causes oxidative stress in liver and inhibits acetylcholinesterase in muscle and brain of the fish Prochilodus lineatus. Chemosphere. Jan;78(3):294-9. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19910015

15. Silver catfish (Rhamdia Quelen)
de Menezes CC, da Fonseca MB, Loro VL, Santi A, Cattaneo R, Clasen B, Pretto A, Morsch VM. (2011) Roundup Effects on Oxidative Stress Parameters and Recovery Pattern of Rhamdia Quelen. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 60, no. 4 : 665-71. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20680259

Lissandra Glusczak, Denise dos Santos Miron, Bibiana Silveira Moraes,Róli Rodrigues Simões, Maria Rosa Chitolina Schetinger,Vera Maria Morsch, Vânia Lucia Loro (2007) Acute effects of glyphosate herbicide on metabolic and enzymatic parameters of silver catfish (Rhamdia quelen) Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part C: Toxicology & Pharmacology Volume 146, Issue 4, November 2007, Pages 519–524
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1532045607001470

Kreutz, L. C., L. J. Gil Barcellos, S. de Faria Valle, T. de Oliveira Silva, D. Anziliero, E. Davi dos Santos, M. Pivato, and R. Zanatta. (2011) Altered Hematological and Immunological Parameters in Silver Catfish (Rhamdia Quelen) Following Short Term Exposure to Sublethal Concentration of Glyphosate. Fish Shellfish Immunol 30, no. 1 Jan : 51-7. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1050464810002998

Soso, A.B., Barcellos ,L.J.G., Ranzani-Paiva, M.J., Kreutz, L.K., Quevedo, R.M., Anziliero, D.Lima, M.,Silva, L.B.,Ritter, F.,Bedin, A.C., Finco, J.A. (2007) Chronic exposure to sub-lethal concentration of a glyphosate- based herbicide alters hormone profiles and affects reproduction of female Jundiá(Rhamdia quelen). Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology 23, 308-313.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21783773

#Glyphosate #Roundup #Monsanto #BANRoundup #GMO #GMOFreeCanada #GMOFreeUSA
 
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